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English

Ex1

a)Has anyone ever told you that you have beautiful eyes?

b)Do you mind having your picture taken?

c)Have you ever promised to do something and then not done it?

d)Do you enjoy spending time alone at the weekend?

e)Did your parents ever tell you not to do something, but you did it anyway?

ex2

Yesterday two men were arrested in Lewisham, after a bank manager was robbed at gunpoint. It is believed that the thieves used a car that is reported was stolen two days earlier. The car was found abandoned several miles away. The two suspects were taken to the police station for questioning. The money isn’t found yet. Anyone with information about the robbery is asked to call Lewisham polic

ex3

You’ll never guess what happened to me last night! After finishing work, I went to the gym, as usual. Then I went out to a restaurant with some clients. When it was time to go, I realised I left my bag at the gym – with my keys in it! Unfortunately, my wife, Kerry wasn’t at home because she had gone to Scotland for a meeting. Anyway, I went back to the gym, but it was already. So I went home. All the lights were off, so I decided to try and climb through the downstairs bathroom window, which was partly open. Just as I was trying to open the window, I saw a light. It was two police officers. I explained that I lost my key, but they wouldn’t listen. They were just going to put me in the police car, when Kerry opened the door. She got back early from her meeting, and was inside the house the whole time watching a crime thriller on TV!

ex4

a)’I’m innocent!’

The man told the police that he was innocent.

b)’I’m not a bank robber.’

He said that he wasn’t a bank robber.

c)’On Monday morning I was at work.’

He told the police that on Monday morning he was at work.

d)’I wasn’t in town when the robbery happened.’

He claimed that he wasn’t in town when the robbery happened.

e)’I have never seen Smith and Jones before.’

He added that he had never seen Smith and Jones before.

f)’I didn’t rob the bank.’

He insisted that he hadn’t robbed the bank.

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English

  1. He said, “I like this song.”
    → He said that he is like this song.
  2. “Where is your sister?” she asked me.
    → She asked me where is my sister?
  3. “I don’t speak Italian,” she said.
    → She said, that she doesn’t speak Italian.
  4. “Say hello to Jim,” they said.
    → They asked me,
  5. “The film began at seven o’clock,” he said.
    → He said, that the film began at seven o’clock.
  6. “Don’t play on the grass, boys,” she said.
    → She told the boys
  7. “Where have you spent your money?” she asked him.
    → She asked him, where have I spent my money
  8. “I never make mistakes,” he said.
    → He said, that he never makes mistakes.
  9. “Does she know Robert?” he wanted to know.
    → He wanted to know, does she know Robert?
  10. “Don’t try this at home,” the stuntman told the audience.
    → The stuntman advised the audience
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English

 

3.Rewrite these newspaper extracts in the passive to make them sound more natural. Don’t mention the agent.

b) Doctors are treating the troubled film star for ‘exhaustion’ at Meadows Rehabilitation Centre in Arizona.

The troubled film star is being treated.

c) The record company has released the singer’s long-awaited album to rave reviews.

The singer’s long-awaited album has been released.

d) Kidnappers released the hostages last night and they are on their way home to their
relieved families.

Last night hostages were released.

e) The central bank will reduce interest rates by 1% before the end of the year
according to most financial observers.

Interest rates will be reduced by 1%.

f) People have accused the fashion industry of encouraging young girls to go on
starvation diets.

The fashion industry was accused by people.

1.Complete the email from Pia to her friend Ian. Use the words in the box.

Thanks for your email. It was great to hear from you. I’m sorry I haven’t
replied sooner, but work’s been really stressful. More about that in a minute. But first,
I was really pleased to hear about your promotion. You deserve it – you’ve worked
so hard at that job. Well done! I wish you were still living in Berlin, so we could I
go out and celebrate.
Anyway, back to my stressful job! Actually, it’s much better since my boss retired.
I think I told you about her. She was a real bully. Apparently, she was unhappy in her
private life, but that’s no reason to be horrible at work. The good news is that
we’ve got a new boss, and he’s quite young and dynamic. He’s already made a few
changes, and the best thing is that he wants me to travel more, so I’ll be able to see
all my friends back home more often.
Talking of friends, have you heard about Anna and Giorgio? They’ve split up! I’ve
no idea why, but apparently, Giorgio’s gone back to Italy, and Anna’s refusing to talk to
anybody about it. Please let me know if you hear any more about it.
Apart from that, everything’s fine here in Berlin. It’s getting quite hot, and I’m
looking forward to going on holiday in August. What are your holiday plans? Anyway, I’d better get on with my work now, but be in touch soon and tell
me how you’re getting on.
Lots of love,
Pia

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English

2.Complete the sentences. Use will, going to or the present continuous.

a) ‘It’s too hot.’ ‘OK, I’ll open a window.’

b) I am going to train as an actor when I leave school.

c) She is meeting Jon and Sue at eight o’clock.

d) I don’t want to go out. I’ll stay in and read my book.

e) ‘I can’t get through to Dave. Oh, I know, I will try calling him on his mobile.’ ‘Good idea.’

f) He will arrive on the 11.15 train from York.

3.Complete with the words in the box.

Rod: Where have you been? I’ve been looking everywhere for you.

Dana: Over there. I was talking to no one.

Rod: Who? Is it anyone I know?

Dana: No, it’s someone you know – a new person in my office…. Hey, is there anything to eat?

Rod: No. There’s nothing to eat or drink – and nowhere to sit! … I’ve had enough. Do you want to go?

4.Tick the three correct sentences. Change the incorrect sentences. Use used to, didn’t use to or would.

When I was young …

a) I’d have blond hair. I used to have blond hair.

b) I used to have a dog. correct

c) I wouldn’t believe in ghosts. I didn’t use to believe in ghosts.

d) I’d love everything my mother cooked. I used to love everything my mother cooked.

e) I’d go swimming on Saturdays.

f) I didn’t use to play a musical instrument.

5.Underline the correct preposition.

We got married on a warm Saturday in spring.

We had a party in the evening.

 During the party we danced and everyone had a lovely time.

 At ten o’clock at night we drove to the airport to go on my surprise honeymoon.

During the flight my husband told me we were going to Cuba. 

We landed at four o’clock on Sunday morning. 

At eight o’clock on Sunday evening the island experienced a terrible hurricane.

We flew out on Monday morning after the shortest honeymoon in history!

6.Make sentence B mean the same as sentence A. Use the words in the box.

a)A. It’s a good idea for you to see a doctor.

B. You should see a doctor.

b)A. It’s not necessary for you to come, but you are permitted if you want.

B. You shouldn’t come but you can if you want.

c)A. It’s not a good idea to stay up so late.

B. You don’t have to stay up so late.

d)A. I’m sorry, but you are not permitted to see the manager.

B. I’m sorry, but you can’t see the manager.

e)A. You are not permitted to tell her.

B. You mustn’t tell her.

f)A. It is necessary for you to stop smoking immediately, Mr Smith.

B. You must stop smoking immediately, Mr Smith.

g)A. My wife says it is necessary for me to be home by 8.00 p.m.

B. I have to be home by 8.00 p.m.

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English

2.  Complete the questions with job/jobs or work. In which sentences
are both possible?

a) Have you ever had a holiday job?
b) What kind of work does your father do?
c) Is it easy to find jobs in your country?
d) How many different part-time job have you had?
e) What time do most people start work in your country?
f) Have you ever been offered a job in a foreign country?

3. Look at more words that are sometimes confused. Complete the dictionary examples (a-g) with the correct alternative. Use the dictionary definitions to help you.

a) actually / current!

• We’ve spoken on the phone but we’ve never actually met.
• This is the best recording current available on CD.

b) travel / trip

• The whole family went on a trip to Florida.
• Foreign travel never really appealed to him until he retired.

c) career / course:

• He has just started out on a career as a photographer.
• She’s on a management course this week.

d) fun / funny

• Our day at the beach was really fun .
• Don’t laugh; it isn’t funny .

e) borrow / lend

• Could you borrow me your umbrella?
• Can I lend your umbrella?

f) argue / discuss

• Don’t argue with me — you know I’m right.
• We’re meeting to discuss the matter next week.

g) ) lose (lost) / miss (missed)

• I missed,the last train home again.
• I’ve lose my bag. Have you seen it?

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English

2. Read about the working conditions for each job. Are the sentences true or false?
Listen again to check.

Job 1

a) You can get extra pay for working overtime. 
b) Women are allowed to wear trousers. 
c) You aren’t allowed to have relationships with other people in the company. 

Job 2

a) You can work at home whenever you like. 
b) You aren’t supposed to have any breaks. 
c) You can wear whatever you like. 

Job 3

a) You often have to work at weekends. 
b) You can’t work for more than twelve hours in a week. 
c) You’re supposed to wear a hat all the time. 

1. Replace the underlined expressions with expressions in the box.

a) Have you ever done a job where you had to work unsociable hours?
b) What are the advantages and disadvantages of an open-plan office?
c) Are you the sort of person who works well when they have to finish work to a deadline?
d) Do you know anybody who works flexible hours?
e) What is the job of your dreams, and what special qualifications to you need
to do it?
f) If the salary was high, could you work twelve-hour shifts, sometimes
at night?

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English

Ex.~1

a) At the end of a stressful day, I find cooking calms me down.

b) At the supermarket, I Cross something off my list as I put them in the trolley.

c) I can manage(?) on five hours’ sleep, but I prefer at least seven hours.

d) I’m very good at looking for excuse when I’m late.

e) I always put off making difficult decisions till the last minute.

f) I relies my mother to wake me up in the morning.